It is the balance of these that is beneficial and the imbalance of these that cause inflammation and disease.
There are many different products that are beneficial for the skin that are not prescription.
Dermatologists are currently working with numerous over-the-counter products through cosmetic companies to improve the appearance and function of the skin.
These include things like prebiotics which are the basically the “foods” that the microbiome bacteria need to thrive.
These are recently being incorporated into over-the-counter cosmetics and lotions.
The surface of the skin is improved with normal skin microbiome. Products that help hydrate the skin also help the skin in looking youthful as well.
These include vitamin C topically which works by increasing the elasticity in the skin and protecting from sun damage.
Also, there is hyaluronic acid which will hydrate the skin and help with normal skin function.
Ceramides are fatty acids that are integral to the skin and help keep skin cells together and functioning properly. Many skin care products now incorporate ceramides into their formulary to better balance the function and health of the skin. There’s also vitamin B3 or niacinamide incorporated in many skin care products that help reduce inflammation and redness.
Other products used include retinol which can help with anti-aging eliminating fine lines and wrinkles as well as reversing early sun damage. These are similar to prescription Retin A which is still the only FDA approved anti-aging cream.
Many other products incorporate active peptides that stimulate rejuvenation of collagen for help with fine lines and wrinkles.
Recently there has been research to suggest that oral fish collagen may actually increase the elasticity of the skin by stimulating collagen formation and subsequently reducing wrinkles and tightening the skin.
Of course, the number one cause of premature aging is excessive sun damage. Dermatologists as always recommend minimizing sun exposure and using sun protection with hats and clothing and judicious use of proper sunscreen.
Probiotics can be found in Greek yogurt or pills or gummies. Make sure they contain 1 billion or more colony units.
Prebiotics can be found in bananas, whole grains, onions, garlic, soybeans, artichokes and avocados to name a few.
**Products that may contain retinol, ceramides, niacinamide, peptides, hyaluronic acid, include the Oil of Olay Regenerist line and the CeraVe products lines.
**Natural oils that are good for the skin and induce ceremide formation include sunflower seed oils and coconut oil.
Dermatology Specialists of Florida
2053 Fountain Professional Court, Suite B