This is one of the hardest places in the country to maintain a nice lawn! Nobody knows that better than Skip Orth, owner of Father and Son Lawn Solutions who helps hundreds of homeowners along the Emerald Coast every year keep their lawn healthy! Skip says that the recent availability of Zoysia sod to our area is a huge opportunity for anyone wanting a “trophy lawn” but have been unable to get it with centipede or St. Augustine. “Although zoysia is not a new grass, up until the last few years there were no sod farms in our region that grew it, making it unavailable in our area. Now there are!”
The problems with centipede and St. Augustine grass.
Skip says the biggest problem with centipede grass is that it grows best and has the least problems when it is left alone with minimal water and fertilizer, however when you maintain it that way, it looks kind of like you would expect a pasture or a road median to look, not very thick, drab, weedy and pale green. Skip also warns that “Applying lots of fertilizer and water makes it look much thicker and greener for a short period of time, but doing that brings on problems like thatch, disease, insect infestations, and the dreaded centipede decline syndrome!” And because of these issues, it’s not uncommon for centipede lawns to to only last 7-10 years after they are planted!
Although St. Augustine is a little better grass than centipede, it too has issues. Skip claims that Chinch bugs is the Achilles’ heel of St. Augustine! “These tiny black bugs are an insect pest that is specific to only St. Augustine grass and no other. When chinch bugs attack a St. Augustine lawn, it turns a straw yellow color because chinch bugs suck all the moisture out of the grass making it dry and crisp. Shortly, the lawn declines and weeds come in and take over where the grass once grew. Chinch bugs are also known to be resistant to insecticides and consequently very hard to control! Sometimes it takes repeated applications over and over to finally arrest their march through the lawn!” And St. Augustine is also prone to the same thatch issues centipede is.
What makes zoysia a better grass?
Skip sites a number of reasons zoysia is a better type of grass than either centipede or St. Augustine. To start with, zoysia is not vulnerable to chinch bugs like St. Augustine is, zoysia has a dense growing pattern without having to be over watered and over fertilized like centipede does! Zoysia is truly a “barefoot grass,” it’s not coarse and stiff like St. Augustine but has soft texture that tickles your feet and is pleasing to the eye when viewed from the street. When you walk across a zoysia lawn your feet will literally sink into the thick soft grass. Now that’s a luxurious lawn! One of the biggest attributes of zoysia according to Skip, is it’s resistance to weeds! “Since zoysia has a growing pattern that is naturally super dense, much thicker than centipede or St. Augustine, it is naturally resistant to weeds, it’s so thick weeds have a hard time even getting established!” Zoysia is also shade tolerant. Up until now St. Augustine has been the only choice for shady lawns but zoysia can tolerate shade just about as well.
Zoysia also has a naturally deep, lovely, emerald green color unlike centipede which is naturally a pale, yellowish green. Although zoysia is an extremely dense grass, it also grows more slowly than centipede and especially St. Augustine, requiring less mowing!
The secret to zoysia’s superiority over centipede and St. Augustine!
Skip explains that zoysia has something that neither centipede or St. Augustine have…rhizomes. In simple terms, rhizomes are underground runners that spread and reproduce more grass blades. Neither centipede nor St. Augustine have rhizomes, they only have stolens. Stolens are above ground runners, like what you trim off the edges of your sidewalk and driveway but zoysia has these too! In other words, zoysia has TWO methods of generating grass blades when centipede and St. Augustine only have one! That’s what makes it produce such a luxurious lawn!
Proper installation is the key to a long lasting, healthy zoysia lawn.
According to Skip, proper installation of a new zoysia lawn is the key to its health and longevity. He says the first step is to do a thorough site evaluation so that the new lawn will thrive long term. This evaluation should include checking to make sure the sprinkler system evenly distributes the right amount of water over the entire lawn, taking a soil sample to check the nutritional and pH values of the soil and a thorough check made for active lawn pests and environmental concerns such as areas that are overly shady or that may need fill.
The second step after the site evaluation is to treat the area to be sodded, killing off all the old, undesirable grass and weeds all the way down to the roots and then all the dead turf and weeds should be scraped off and carried away. Finally, all the low spots and areas of root competition should be covered with a generous amount of sand. Skip explains this step is extremely important in areas of the lawn that have tree roots invading the soil where the grass is to be planted. By applying sand, the new sod will have plenty of free soil space to root in to and will not have to compete with the stronger tree roots for water and nutrition. Finally, any areas not covered in sand should be power raked, breaking up the surface of the ground to create a soft, smooth bed for the new sod to be laid on.
Is it really OK to lay sod this time of year?
You may wonder if you have missed the window for installing a new zoysia lawn this time of year. Skip says “Absolutely not! Even though grass goes into dormancy in the cool months of the year, it is still very much alive! The advantage of laying sod in the fall and winter is that it has the opportunity to become established and rooted before next spring when the temperatures warm up and it’s time to start applying fertilizer and weed control!”
Skip says another reason now is a great time to install a new zoysia lawn is there is little to no wait time to get your new lawn! “Trying to schedule sod installation in spring is like trying to buy plywood 24 hours before a hurricane! Starting in early spring, all sod installation crews are booked up for weeks and sod farms are are struggling to meet demand!” According to Skip you can avoid the crowd by scheduling your new zoysia lawn to be installed in the fall and winter before the big spring rush starts!
WOULD YOU LIKE MORE INFORMATION ON HAVING ZOYSIA INSTALLED IN YOUR LAWN?
Skip is available for a FREE LAWN CONSULTATION. You can reach him by calling or texting 850-240-7935 or at www.fatherandsonlandscape.com